The three stages of technology development have distinct purposes: to demonstrate novelty, innovation, and utility. Each of these stages are supported with a specific FOA.
R21 step supports
novel concepts that have not yet been tested for feasibility. Thus unpublished data are not allowed. Because proof of concept must not already be developed, NIGMS expects the projects to be high-risk. Unpublished experiments are not allowed whether they support the premise of the project, the expertise of the investigators, or establish feasibility by mitigating high risk bottlenecks. Applications that include unpublished data will be administratively withdrawn. R21 applications to may include figures from the published literature that are clearly referenced in the figure legend. Preprints and full descriptions that can be referenced would be allowed, as described in
NOT-OD-17-050. Applications may include descriptive illustrations or theoretical charts that do not contain data.
Projects that have minimal testing of feasibility are not eligible for the R21 mechanism. Instead, a project that is at an intermediate stage, with some preliminary data or proof of concept, but with substantial remaining risk, might be appropriate for a 3-year R01 application with a reduced budget mechanism. The R21 mechanism is intended for exploratory evaluation of novel concepts rather than early support of newly established laboratories. For a historical comparison of mechanisms, see the
analyses describing overall success rates and caveats for using R21 funding leading to a follow-up R01 project.
R21 applications cannot be renewed.
R01 is for technologies that already have been shown to be feasible but need further technical work to produce a
useful prototype. Four-year grants support development projects, to validate and optimize a new technology. If a project is at an intermediate stage with partial demonstration of feasibility, but with substantial remaining risk, a 3-year R01 proposal with a reduced budget might be an appropriate mechanism to minimize risk by rapidly evaluating project feasibility. Projects that are well supported by feasibility studies and propose to develop fully functional prototypes might require higher budgets and a 4-year duration (5 years for Early Stage Investigators). Specific aims should include validation of technology against known standards such as synthetic models and characterized, gold-standard biological samples. Applications for later stage technology refinement, extension, or hardening with a high likelihood of success would be less competitive.
R01 applications can only be renewed once.
parent R01 funding announcement is appropriate for projects that include both technical advances and
biological hypotheses or discovery. Unlike the technology focused funding announcements, the
parent R01 applications are evaluated for overall impact on the field of interest, rather than the potential utility of a technical project for future biological research.
For both the
R01 FOAs, we are
seeking inventive technology.
R01 technology development applications should be innovative and include measurable intermediate and final objectives. Innovation is evaluated by the increment of technical advance over the state-of-the-art, so a clear description of current technology is important. A favorable comparison against the state of the art should be postulated in the Significance section and tested in the Research Plan. The Significance section should also describe how the technical advance would have utility for future biological investigations within the
mission of NIGMS. The
R01 project objectives should gain new technological knowledge and measure quantitative advances over state of the art technology. The research plan should be rigorous with defined objectives and describe risk management.
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