Skip Over Navigation Links

Fact Sheets

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences offers a variety of fact sheets that capture information about the Institute and the research it supports. These fact sheets highlight advances in areas of basic biomedical research and describe the impact of this research on understanding and improving our health.

About NIGMS

DNA structureNIGMS Nobelists
NIGMS could be considered a "Nobel Prize Institute" because of our strong track record of funding scientists who receive this high honor. Learn more about NIGMS-supported Nobel laureates.

Researcher in the labNIGMS Diversity Programs
NIGMS offers a number of programs to increase the diversity of the scientific workforce. Get answers to questions often asked about our programs.


About Science and Health

Photo of a woman recieving anesthesia.Anesthesia | En español
Every year, millions of Americans safely undergo surgery with anesthesia. Read what scientists know—and are still learning— about these drugs, and get an introduction to the career of anesthesiology.

Curiosity Creates CuresBasic Biomedical Research
Conveys the importance of basic biomedical research in leading to new medicines, technologies, scientific tools and economic payoffs.

Burned ankleBurns
Heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or nuclear radiation can cause tissue-damaging burns. Get answers to questions about burns and related treatments and research.

Circadian rhythmCircadian Rhythms | En español
Our bodies keep time with the help of 24-hour "circadian" rhythms, which are directed by genes. Get answers to common questions about how these rhythms work and affect our lives.

MedicinePharmacogenomics
Pharmacogenomics is focused on how genes affect individual responses to medications. Learn more about this field and how it could help doctors pick the right treatment option for each patient.

Car accidentPhysical Trauma
Physical trauma is a serious injury to the body. Learn more about basic research related to trauma.

Scanning electron micrograph of bacteriaSepsis | En español
An overwhelming immune response to infection can cause sepsis. Get more information about sepsis and what we're learning about it.

A mix of alpha helices and beta sheets make up this protein.Structural Biology
Structural biology is a field of science focused on understanding the shapes of biological molecules. Learn about why and how scientists study these structures.

A dividing cell. Credit: Jean Cook and Ted Salmon Labs, University of North Carolina School of MedicineStudying Cells
Trillions of cells make up our bodies, and researchers continue to learn more about their features and functions. Discover some of the recent advances.

Genetic testStudying Genes
We're learning important things about health and disease by studying genes in individuals and populations.

Zebra FishUsing Research Organisms to Study Health and Disease
Yeast, fruit flies, and zebrafish have taught us a lot about human health and disease. Learn more about why scientists study these and other simple organisms.

​​
This page last reviewed on November 27, 2017