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Fact Sheets

The National Institute of General Medical Sciences offers a variety of fact sheets that capture information about the Institute and the research it supports. These fact sheets highlight advances in areas of basic biomedical research and describe the impact of this research on understanding and improving our health.

About NIGMS

NIGMS LogoNIGMS Fast Facts
Learn about the NIGMS budget, number of grants, organization, how to reach staff members and more.

DNA structureNIGMS Nobelists
NIGMS could be considered a �Nobel Prize Institute� because of our strong track record of funding scientists who receive this high honor. Learn more about NIGMS-supported Nobel laureates.

Researcher in the labNIGMS Diversity Programs
NIGMS offers a number of programs to increase the diversity of the scientific workforce. Get answers to questions often asked about our programs.

NIGMS Student Training FlyerNIGMS Research Training Opportunities
Find out about NIGMS training programs that are available to students who are interested in pursuing careers in the biomedical or behavioral sciences.

Crystal structure of a protein with unknown function from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a disease-causing bacteriumProtein Structure Initiative: Pilot Phase
The PSI started in 2000 to develop new methods for generating the structures of lots of protein molecules. Read about its accomplishments during the first five years.

PSI structureProtein Structure Initiative: Production Phase
The second phase of the PSI started in 2005 and sought to further develop and improve high-throughput structure determination techniques. Read about its accomplishments.


About Science and Health

Replica of the inhaler used by William T. G. Morton in 1846 in the first public demonstration of surgery using ether. Credit: Wood Library/Museum, Park Ridge, IL.Anesthesia
Before 1840, surgical patients didn't routinely receive anesthesia. Read about the progress we�ve made in using and understanding anesthesia.

Curiosity Creates CuresBasic Biomedical Research
Conveys the importance of basic biomedical research in leading to new medicines, technologies, scientific tools and economic payoffs.

Burned ankleBurns
Heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or nuclear radiation can cause tissue-damaging burns. Get answers to questions about burns and related treatments and research.

Circadian rhythmCircadian Rhythms
Our bodies keep time with the help of 24-hour "circadian" rhythms, which are directed by genes. Get answers to common questions about how these rhythms work and affect our lives.

MedicineHow Medicines Work
We're developing a better understanding of drugs and how the body responds to them. Read how this knowledge is helping us improve the way medicines work.

MIDAS LogoModeling Infectious Diseases
Researchers are using computers to create virtual worlds where people get sick. Find out how this helps us understand and prevent the spread of actual infectious diseases.

Elegant worm. Scientists first used the transparent worm, Caenorhabditis elegans, to study RNA interferenceRNA Interference
RNA interference is a recently discovered mechanism that silences genes. Learn how it works�and how we can harness it to treat disease and study genetic processes.

Scanning electron micrograph of bacteriaSepsis
An overwhelming immune response to infection can cause sepsis. Get more information about sepsis and what we're learning about it.

A mix of alpha helices (red) and beta sheets (blue) make up this protein. Credit: RCSB Protein Data BankStructural Biology
Structural biology is a field of science focused on understanding the shapes of biological molecules. Learn about why and how scientists study these structures.

A dividing cell. Credit: Jean Cook and Ted Salmon Labs, University of North Carolina School of MedicineStudying Cells
Trillions of cells make up our bodies, and researchers continue to learn more about their features and functions. Discover some of the recent advances.

Genetic testStudying Genes
We�re learning important things about health and disease by studying genes in individuals and populations.

Car accidentTrauma
Trauma is the leading cause of death for people 1 to 44 years old. Learn more about trauma.

Fruit flyUsing Model Organisms to Study Health and Disease
Yeast, fruit flies and roundworms have taught us a lot about ourselves. Learn more about why scientists study these and other simple organisms.

This page last reviewed on February 26, 2014